The contribution of literature to the psychological development of individuals is outstanding. Literature is additionally popular in Islamic society. The Holy Qur’an is a superb example of Arabic literature. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) of Islam possessed the purest language in Arabia. Therefore, the practice of literature within the Muslim society started from the start of Islam. Muslim poets and writers have nourished the reader with the stroke of a pen. the guts is satisfied. Islamic literature, filled with love for creation, love of humanity, justice, good ideals and etiquette, involve truth and justice, makes a singular contribution to the formation of society. the subsequent are the identities of a number of the epoch-making Muslim writers:
1.Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (r.h.)
Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (r.h.) may be a Muslim poet who is equally revered within the East-West. There are differences of opinion about his birth and life. Whether he’s Iranian or Turkish may be a matter of controversy between the 2 countries. He was born on 29 September 1205 in Balkh, Afghanistan. His real name is Muhammad. Maulana Rumi was the ninth descendant of the primary Caliph of Islam Abu Bakr (ra) from the patriarchy and therefore the fourth caliph of Islam Ali (ra) was the descendant of the mother clan.
Allama Rumi was a spiritual devotee. The influence of spirituality is robust in his poems. he’s known everywhere the planet as a mystic poet. Although he wrote mainly in Persian, he wrote many stanzas in Turkish, Arabic and Greek. His book ‘Mosnabi’ is specially studied by spiritualists. the amount of two-line rhyming poems during this book is 25,000, which is split into six parts. His bigger work than ‘Mosnabi’ is ‘Dewane Kabir’. It contains 35,000 Persian binoculars, 2,000 Persian verses, 90 Arabic ghazals, 19 Arabic verses, 24 Turkish binoculars and 14 Greek binoculars.
Among the Muslim writers of Iran, the poet Omar Khayyam was a person of the many talents. He was simultaneously a philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. His full name is Abul Fatah Omar Ibn Khayyam Nishapuri. he’s called the simplest poet of the golden age of Islam. His innumerable Rubaiyat literature written in four lines is an immortal creation. The influence of his poetry or ‘rubai’ are often seen within the western countries also . The American poet James Russell Lowell called Omar Khayyam’s rubai or four-line poems “pearls of the Persian Gulf .”
3.Sheikh Saadi (Rah.)
Sheikh Saadi (Rah.) Is one among the leading poets of Persian language. His full name is Abu Muhammad Muslih Al-Din bin Abdullah Siraji. Nickname Muslihuddin. The title is Saadi. She is understood as Saadi to literary lovers everywhere the planet . He was born in 1210 within the city of Siraj, Iran. At the age of 21, Sheikh Saadi (ra) wrote a poem that caught the attention of Abul Fattah bin Juji, an educator at the Nizamiya Madrasa in Baghdad. Fascinated, he arranged for Maswara for him.
So far, a complete of 24 books by Sheikh Saadi are found. a set of instructive Persian poems is his famous book of poetry. it’s considered to be his most successful literary composition . Rhythmic prose is that the specialty of this book. Busta is another of his famous books of poetry.
For 30 years he has traveled to varied countries within the East and West to ascertain the various lifetime of the people. He then wrote uninterruptedly for 30 years. He also wrote tons towards the top of the trip. additionally to writing in life, he also focused on spiritual pursuits. He died in his hometown of Siraj in 1292.
4.Hakim Abul Qasim Ferdousi At-Tusi
The great Persian poet Ferdowsi was the author of the famous Persian epic Shahnameh. His full name is Hakim Abul Qasim Ferdousi At-Tusi. Ferdousi was born in 940 within the village of Paz, near the town of Tus in northeastern Iran. it’s believed that Ferdousi wrote some poems even before Shahnameh. But they weren’t found. He wrote those poems dedicated to the Queen of the Samanid Empire. He started writing Shahnameh in about 96 AD and for 33 long years he told the story of various rulers and kings of Iran. It contains various poems on the history, culture and traditions of ancient Iran. it’s 990 chapters and 72 stories.
The Persian ruler Sultan Mahmud Ferdousi was given the task of writing the Shahnameh. He promised the poet that he would give one gold coin for every of the words within the epic. Ferdousi finished writing the epic in 60,000 words. But the emperor, on the recommendation of his favorite minister, sent the poet 60,000 silver coins. Ferdousi didn’t accept the silver coins but distributed them among his servants. When the news reached the ruler, he became angry and ordered the arrest of Ferdousi. The poet fled in fear of the king. Later, however, Sultan Mahmud realized his mistake and sent a gold coin. But the poet died in those days. His daughter also didn’t accept the gold coin.
Allama Iqbal is one among the poets and writers of the Muslim world who have made special contribution within the formation of Islamic renaissance and thought. Advanced poetic style, depth of thought, foresight and heartache for the Ummah were the most features of his poems. He called upon the Indian Muslim community to create a contemporary Muslim society while maintaining the basics of Islam.
He was born in Sialkot within the Punjab province of Pakistan during the Fajr Azan on Friday, November 9th. He graduated from Lahore Government College in 1896 and obtained a academic degree from Punjab University in 1899. within the same year he started teaching history and philosophy at Oriental College, Lahore. In 1901 he was appointed professor of English and Philosophy within the Government College, Lahore.
Pakistan’s national poet Allama Iqbal has given guidance to the Ummah in Urdu, Persian and English. He wont to write poems in human language, the sorrow, pain and liberation of the Ummah was the lifeblood of his poetry. Of Allama Iqbal’s 11 books of poetry, eight were written in Persian and three in Urdu. His most generally discussed books of poetry are Shikwa Jawab-i-Shikwa, Asrare-i-Khudi, Ramuz-i-Bekhudi and Jabidlama.
He died on 21 April 1936 at 5:14 am during the Fajr Azan. He was 80 years old at the time of his death.
6.Sheikh Farid Uddin Muhammad Attar
Sheikh Farid Uddin Muhammad Attar Nishapuri (ra) was one of the leading spiritual poets and saints of the Muslim world. His poetry, inspired by the love of God, is compared to perfume. However, the word ‘perfume’ associated with his name comes from the perfume business. He was born in 1145 within the
town of Nishapur in present day Khorasan province of Iran. Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (r.h.) met the elderly Sheikh Attar (r.h.) as a teenager .
Although Farid Uddin Attar (Rah.) Is best known to Muslims for his world-famous prose book, Tajkiratul Aulia, his poems have enriched the minds of spiritual thinkers, researchers and devotees. variety of notable books are ‘Mantekuttayir’, ‘Diwan’, ‘Pandnama’, ‘Khasrunama’, ‘Mukhtarnama’, ‘Mosibatnama’, ‘Ilahinama’, ‘Jawahirnama’, ‘Asrarnama’ etc. according to researchers, the quantity of books written by him is 114, which is capable the quantity of suras within the Holy Qur’an. His writing ‘Mantek at Tayer’ or ‘gathering of birds’ is understood as after the terminology utilized within the story of Solomon (a.s.) within the Holy Qur’an; Where the discussion of Solomon (AS) with a wise bird named Hudhud is quoted.
7.Hassan bin Thabit (RA)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) himself praised the poetic genius of his fellow poet Hassan bin Thabit (ra). Inspired him in literary pursuits. He was born within the Khajraj tribe in 583, about 70 years before the Hijrah. He converted to Islam at the start of his preaching in Medina. He was called ‘Rasir of Shayir or the poet of Rasul’. Hereditarily, poetry was practiced in their family. Historian Ahmed Iskandari said, ‘Both his father and grandfather were poets. His son Abdur Rahman and grandson Saeed also practiced poetry.
Narrated Ayesha Siddiqa (may Allah be pleased with her): When Hazrat Hasan bin Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him) started reciting poetry, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would sometimes hear everyone to encourage him. Gabriel also will be with him. ‘Hearing his poem, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said,’ O Hassan, the reward for you from Allah is Paradise.
After the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Hassan bin Thabit (peace be upon him) wrote a unprecedented mourning song in his memory. Wrote, ‘You were the jewel in my eye / i used to be blinded by your death / Now i will be able to haven’t any reaction to anyone else’s death.
The feature of Hassan bin Thabit’s poetry is that the use of Qur’anic phrases in it. In Sunan Tirmidhi, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) found out a pulpit within the mosque for Hassan bin Thabit (ra). He wont to stand there and answer the poems condemning the disbelievers on behalf of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wont to tell him, ‘Answer on my behalf. O Allah, help Hassan with Ruhul Qudus (Jibraeel A.).
This great poet of Islam died at the age of 120 within the year 54 AH during the caliphate of Hazrat Muawiyah.
8.Poet Ibn al-Arabi
The poet Ibn al-Arabi was born in 1175 in present day Spain. Spain was then the golden age of Muslim rule. In Sufism and spirituality, Ibn al-Arabi’s name was pronounced with respect at that point . He was ready to stir the minds of the readers through touching poems. Originally he wrote mystic and Sufi poems. Spirituality was the most premise of his writing. His poems contain the love of the Creator and therefore the looking for His nearness. In his last life he lived in Damascus and died there. For this reason, many call him ‘Damascus’.
9.Ali bin Abi Talib (ra)
Ali ibn Abi Talib (ra) possessed extraordinary eloquence, boundless courage, incomparable wisdom, passed literary composition and incomparable personality. The day after the Prophethood of the Prophet (peace be upon him) he accepted Islam from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Ali (ra) was one among the few of the Companions who possessed extraordinary poetic talent. Professor PK Hitti mentioned Ali (ra) because the best example of Muslim literature and heroism.
Ali (ra) is claimed to be the daddy of Arabic grammar (nahu-saraf). Because Arabic grammar was first composed under his supervision. His poems are quoted in books of up to date Arabic literature. ‘Diwane Ali (ra)’ is his famous collection of poems. Regarding the status of the book, Allama Shibli Nomani (Rah.) Said, Diwan-e-Ali may be a valuable gift for the theoreticians and art-seekers with a singular looking for the connection and closeness of God and servant within the call of life eternal , breaking the cycle of mortal and worldly fascination.
10.Tumadir bint Amr bin Haris bin Sharid Al Sulamiya (R.)
The full name is Tumadir bint Amr bin Haris bin Sharid Al Sulamiya (R.). However, he’s better referred to as Al Khanasa. She is that the most influential female poet within the history of Islam. He was born in 575 to an aristocratic family within the Najd region, or present-day central Saudi Arabia . Khanasa, referred to as the poet of jinn and humans, belonged to the famous Sulaim tribe. In her time, women poets wont to write mourning poems for the dead and recite them publicly . Before converting to Islam, when a member of the Sulaim tribe was killed in battle, Khanasa wont to compose mourning songs for him.
Al-Khanasa became famous for his mourning poems written for his brothers Sakhar and Muawiyah. However, altogether branches of Arabic poetry, Khanasa (ra) was prevalent. Various elements of the then Arab civilization; for instance , there are beautiful depictions of dust, storm, rain, camel-sword, mountains and hills in his poems.
In 629 he converted to Islam from the Prophet (peace be upon him). After converting to Islam, he devoted his poetic talent to the service of Islam. If anyone wrote satirical poems about Islam, he would answer them with poems.